Panel: Qur’ān and Exegesis between the givens of the Muslim curriculum and the shifting contexts of the text

Schedule

Room: F 6, EG, Fürstenberghaus
day time    
Fr 11:00-11:30 Hamdan

Sūrat al-iḫlās bayn at-tanzīh ath-thātī wat-tawḥīd al-ilāhī

Fr 11:30-12:00 Rashwani

The idea of “the extraneous to the tafsīr” (ad-dakhīl) and its effects on modern exegeses

Fr 12:00-12:30 Al-Khatib The role of the prophet in the Qurʼān: a reinterpretation of the prophetical authority
Fr 12:30-13:30 lunch break
Fr 13:30-14:00

Eido

As-sab‛ al-mathānī” and the Qurʼān’s self-referentiality
Fr 14:00-14:30 Radhouani

Die semantische Vielfältigkeit im Koran (ʿilm al-wuǧūh wa-n-naẓāʾir) am Beispiel von Ibn al-Ğauzī und Dāmaġānī

Fr 14:30-15:00 El Masri

The Qur’ān and Classical Arabic: Towards a Humanist Reading of the Muslim Text

Fr 15:00-15:30 Allatif

Fremdwörter im Koran behandelt anhand von Beispielen aus den Fragen des Nāfic b. al-Azraq an cAbdallāh b. cAbbās - Cancelled

Panel leader:

Omar Hamdan

Panel description:

The study of the Qur’ān in the Muslim theological tradition has traditionally been based on three standard pillars: Exegesis (tafsīr), Philology, and classical Arabic language. This triad served the student of the Muslim holly text throughout the history of Muslim qurʾānic studies and Muslim theology, and are thus non-negotiable elements on the curriculum of a Muslim school of theology. Today, the study of the Qur’ān and its meanings is gaining increasing importance, both in rising Muslim theological schools and in wider scientific and intellectual circles, orientalist or otherwise. This has opened to discussion the issue of the relationship between internal Muslim considerations, and external inter-religious and inter-cultural communications. The question of reconciling internal commitments with external exigencies has become considerably more complex in the light of the vigorous activity that the field of qur’ānic studies has witnessed in the last two decades, both in the west and in the Muslim world.

Many scholars are now seeking to reread the Qur’ān in order to revive, modernize, problematize, or deconstruct Islam or at least certain issues therein. Several theories, approaches and projects have been initiated providing alternative images of the Qur’ān and consequently Islam. This panel aims to provide a space for readings of topics, concepts or aspects of the Qur’ān as a mean to reflect the current debates, theories and critical questions about it; and to reveal their impact on the Muslim understanding of the text, its language, structure, concepts and its function in contemporary societies and the role of the school of theology therein. This includes issues such as: the relation between classical exegesis and modern hermeneutics, classical and modern philology, as well as the relation of the Qur’ān to the Bible, to history and to poetry.

Sections:

Interdisciplinary (Islamic Studies; Arabic Language and Literature)

Abstracts:

Al-Khatib, Mutaz: The role of the prophet in the Qurʼān: a reinterpretation of the prophetical authority

This paper aims at investigating the image and the role of the prophet in the Qurʼān. This matter has been discussed in different classical disciplines, Islamic jurisprudence, ḥadīth criticism and fundamentals of Islamic jurisprudence. To what extent does the position of prophet in these recourses coheres with what we can deduce from the Qurʼān; is the question that this paper looking aims to reveal.

El Masri, Ghassan: The Qur’ān and Classical Arabic: Towards a Humanist Reading of the Muslim Text

What are the interpretive implications of approaching the Qur’ān through the works of the early Arab philologists? How are we to capitalize on the substantial amounts of poetry preserved from pre and early Islamic times to renew our reading of the text? What is the role of the early lexical sources in that regard? The paper will propose some ideas regarding the contributions that the philological, lexical and poetic traditions can make towards our understanding of the Qur’ān, not only as Muslim scripture but as literature treating of the ‘Human Condition’ that is pertinent to the Muslim reader in the west, as well as the Western reader of Islam.

Eido, Issam: As-sab‛ al-mathānī” and the Qurʼān’s self-referentiality

The expression of the seven oft repeated “as-sab‛ al-mathānī” (Q. 15:87) has widely differing meanings in both Islamic exegetical works and western scholarship. In this paper, I will analyze these perspectives, and accordingly present a new perspective based on the rereading sūrat al-fātiḥa (Q. 1).

Hamdan, Omar: Sūrat al-iḫlās bayn at-tanzīh ath-thātī wat-tawḥīd al-ilāhī

In diesem Vortrag wird es versucht aufgrund der Koranexegese und der koranischen Philologie zu klären, was diese Sure (Q. 112) theologisch und dogmatisch den Muslimen und den anderen eigentlich besagt. Geht es dabei um das Fernhalten Allahs von menschlichen Attributen – ein theologisches Thema, das der Koran an mehreren Stellen anknöpft – oder handelt es sich dabei um den dogmatischen Grundsatz des Monotheismus im Islam?

Radhouani, Khaled: Die semantische Vielfältigkeit im Koran (ʿilm al-wuǧūh wa-n-naẓāʾir) am Beispiel von Ibn al-Ğauzī und Dāmaġānī

Der Koran  erlangt heute auf der politischen, ideologischen und religions-wissenschaftlichen Ebene immer größere Bedeutung. Die Frage der Koran-interpretation ist und bleibt aktuell und beeinflusst somit die Meinung der Menschen gegenüber dem Islam und den mit ihm zusammenhängenden Fragen. Aus diesen Gründen beschäftigt sich dieser Beitrag u.a. mit einer lexikalisch-semantischen Untersuchung einiger koranischer Begriffe. Diese Arbeit studiert das Buch anhand ʿilm al-wuǧūh wan-naẓāʾir, einer koranischen Disziplin, die auf die semantische Vielfältigkeit eingeht. Dieser Beitrag wird sich mit zwei bedeutenden Namen dieser koranischen Wissenschaft beschäftigen: Ibn al-Ğauzī (gest. 597/1201) und Dāmaġānī (gest. 478 /1085). Dabei entstehen viele interessante Fragen, wie z.B. wie weit könnte eine umfassende Betrachtung der semantischen Vielfalt im Koran für die moderne Koranhermeneutik von Bedeutung sein? Wie nötig wäre es für die heutige Wissenschaft und auch für die normalen Menschen diese lexikalisch-semantische Besonderheit des Korans kennenzulernen und in einem weiteren Schritt zu berücksichtigen?

Rashwani, Samer: The idea of “the extraneous to the tafsīr” (ad-dakhīl) and its effects on modern exegeses

Although the classical Muslim scholars have used the term “isrāʼīliyyāt” to refer to all narratives or reports of foreign, nonetheless mainly Jewish or Christian, origin; it seems that some contemporary scholars are not satisfied by this definition and seek a more comprehensive approach that excludes whatever they consider foreign to the tafsīr. This paper aims to explain the factors behind the emergence of what is called “the extraneous to the tafsīr” (ad-dakhīl),and became an authorized course in several Islamic universities. Moreover, it seeks to uncover how such an approach affects the Muslim conception of the indigenous and the foreign.